Humanitarian Issues

Fracking and a Radioactive Silvery-White Monster: Radium Must be Left in the Earth

Posted on November 10, 2012. Filed under: Environment, Humanitarian Issues, Radioactivity, U.S. | Tags: , |


Published on Friday, November 9, 2012 by Common Dreams

Fracking for gas not only uses toxic chemicals that can contaminate drinking and groundwater — it also releases substantial quantities of radioactive poison from the ground that will remain hot and deadly for thousands of years.frackingImage: 8020 Vision

Issuing a report yesterday exposing major radioactive impacts of hydraulic fracturing known as fracking — was Grassroots Environmental Education, an organization in New York, where extensive fracking is proposed.

The Marcellus Shale region which covers much of upstate New York is seen as loaded with gas that can be released through the fracking process. It involves injecting fluid and chemicals under high pressure to fracture shale formations and release the gas captured in them.

But also released, notes the report, is radioactive material in the shale including Radium-226 with a half-life of 1,600 years. A half-life is how long it takes for a radioactive substance to lose half its radiation. It is multiplied by between 10 and 20 to determine the “hazardous lifetime” of a radioactive material, how long it takes for it to lose its radioactivity. Thus Radium-226 remains radioactive for between 16,000 and 32,000 years.

“Horizontal hydrofracking for natural gas in the Marcellus Shale region of New York State has the potential to result in the production of large amounts of waste materials containing Radium-226 and Radium-228 in both solid and liquid mediums,” states the report by E. Ivan White. For 30 years he was a staff scientist for the Congressionally-chartered National Council on Radiation Protection.

“Importantly, the type of radioactive material found in the Marcellus Shale and brought to the surface by horizontal hydrofracking is the type that is particularly long-lived, and could easily bio-accumulate over time and deliver a dangerous radiation dose to potentially millions of people long after the drilling is over,” the report goes on.

“Radioactivity in the environment, especially the presence of the known carcinogen radium, poses a potentially significant threat to human health,” it says. “Therefore, any activity that has the potential to increase that exposure must be carefully analyzed prior to its commencement so that the risks can be fully understood.”

The report lays out “potential pathways of the radiation” through the air, water and soil. Through soil it would get into crops and animals eaten by people.

Examined in the report are a 1999 study done by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation “assisted by representatives from 16 oil and gas companies” on hydrofracking and radioactivity and a 2011 Environmental Impact Statement the agency did on the issue. It says both present a “cavalier attitude toward human exposure to radioactive material.”

Radium causes cancer in people largely because it is treated as calcium by the body and becomes deposited in bones. It can mutate bones cells causing cancer and also impact on bone marrow. It can cause aplastic anemia an inability of bone marrow to produce sufficient new cells to replenish blood cells. Marie Curie, who discovered radium in 1893 and felt comfortable physically handling it, died of aplastic anemia.

Once radium was used in self-luminous paint for watch dials and even as an additive in products such as toothpaste and hair creams for purported “curative powers.”

There are “no specific treatments for radium poisoning,” advises the Delaware Health and Social Services Division of Public Health in its information sheet on radium. When first discovered, “no one knew that it was dangerous,” it mentions.

White’s report, entitled “Consideration of Radiation in Hazardous Waste Produced from Horizontal Hydrofracking,” notes that “radioactive materials and chemical wastes do not just go away when they are released into the environment. They remain active and potentially lethal, and can show up years later in unexpected places. They bio-accumulate in the food chain, eventually reaching humans.”

Under the fracking plan for New York State, “there are insufficient precautions for monitoring potential pathways or to even know what is being released into the environment,” it states.

The Department of Environmental Conservation “has not proposed sufficient regulations for tracking radioactive waste from horizontal hydrofracking,” it says. “Neither New York State nor the Nuclear Regulatory Commission would permit a nuclear power plant to handle radioactive material in this manner.”

Doug Wood, associate director of Grassroots Environmental Education, which is based in Port Washington, New York, and also editor of the report, commented as it was issued: “Once radioactive material comes out of the ground along with the gas, the problem is what to do with it. The radioactivity lasts for thousands of years, and it is virtually impossible to eliminate or mitigate. Sooner or later, it’s going to end up in our environment and eventually our food chain. It’s a problem with no good solution – and the DEC is unequipped to handle it.”

As for “various disposal methods…contemplated” by the agency “for the thousands of tons of radioactive waste expected to be produced by fracking,” Wood said that “none…adequately protect New Yorkers from eventual exposure to this radioactive material. Spread it on the ground and it will become airborne with dust or wash off into surface waters; dilute it before discharge into rivers and it will raise radiation levels in those rivers for everyone downstream; bury it underground and it will eventually find its way into someone’s drinking water. No matter how hard you try, you can’t put the radioactive genie back into the bottle.”

Furthermore, said Wood in an interview, in releasing radioactive radium from the ground, “a terrible burden would be placed on everybody that comes after us. As a moral issue, we must not burden future generations with this. We must say no to fracking — and implement the use of sustainable forms of energy that don’t kill.”

The prospects of unleashing, through fracking, radium, a silvery-white metal, has a parallel in the mining of uranium on the Navajo Nation.

The mining began on the Navajo Nation, which encompasses parts of Arizona, New Mexico and Utah, during World War II as the Manhattan Project, the American crash program to build atomic weapons, sought uranium to fuel them. The Navajos weren’t told that mining the uranium, yellow in color, could lead to lung cancer. And lung cancer became epidemic among the miners and then spread across the Navajo Nation from piles of contaminated uranium tailings and other remnants of the mining.

The Navajos gave the uranium a name: Leetso or yellow monster.

Left in the ground, it would do no harm. But taken from the earth, it has caused disease. That is why the Navajo Nation outlawed uranium mining in 2005. “This legislation just chopped the legs off the uranium monster,” said Norman Brown, a Navajo leader.

Similarly, radium, a silvery-white monster, must be left in the earth, not unleashed, with fracking, to inflict disease on people today and many, many generations into the future.

Karl Grossman

Karl Grossman has been a professor of journalism at the State University of New York/College at Old Westbury for 32 years. He is a specialist in investigative reporting. He is the author of Fracking and a Radioactive Silvery-White Monster: Radium Must be Left in the Earth; Fracking and a Radioactive Silvery-White Monster: Radium Must be Left in the Earth

Cover Up: What You Are Not Supposed to Know About Nuclear Power. He is the host of the nationally aired TV program, Enviro Close-Up.

Source

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Ohio: Pinhole leak of radioactive coolant found at the Davis-Besse nuclear power plant

Posted on June 8, 2012. Filed under: Environment, Humanitarian Issues, U.S. |


Published: Thursday, June 07, 2012, 11:18 AM Updated: Thursday, June 07, 2012, 6:38 PM
John Funk, The Plain Dealer By John Funk, The Plain Dealer The Plain Dealer
DAVIS-BESSE1.JPGView full sizePlain Dealer fileVapor from cooling tower at The Davis Besse nuclear power plant billows over farmland along Rt. 2 in Oak Harbor, Ohio, in January.

By John Funk Plain Dealer Reporter

Engineers at the Davis-Besse nuclear reactor near Toledo found a pinhole coolant leak in a pipe weld Wednesday evening while inspecting the plant.

Davis-Besse was preparing to resume operations after more than a month-long reactor shutdown for refueling and plant maintenance.

In a report early Thursday to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, plant owner FirstEnergy Corp. estimated the leak of radioactive coolant inside the reactor containment building at about one-tenth gallon per minute.

Spokeswoman Jennifer Young said the leaked coolant flowed into a nearby floor drain and was captured for later processing. There were no injuries and no radioactivity escaped into the atmosphere, she said.

The leak did not occur until the cooling system was pressurized in preparation to restart the reactor, she said. Pressurization began on Tuesday.

The engineers were conducting the “walk-down inspection” while the reactor was in “hot standby” mode, with the cooling system running at normal operating pressures and temperatures.

Through the reactor had not yet been re-started, operators on Tuesday had switched on the four massive reactor coolant pumps, which pressurized the system and heated the coolant to about 300 degrees from sheer friction as the pumps pushed it throughout the nuclear core, said Young.

The company’s report to the NRC noted that the coolant was spraying from a pinhole in the socket weld of a three-quarter inch pipe at a 90 degree elbow between a reactor coolant pump and a safety valve.

When the leak was spotted, reactor operators immediately began a shutdown and engineers began repair preparations. The plant reached cold shutdown about 1 p.m. Thursday, said Young. Repairs were expected to be completed over the weekend.

FirstEnergy shut down the 908-megawatt reactor on May 6 for normal refueling, inspections and maintenance. Contractors employing more than 1,000 workers joined Davis-Besse employees to replace 68 of the reactor’s 177 fuel rods.

Contractors also were involved with preventative maintenance of major components including emergency diesel generators, valves and pumps — though not the coolant pumps and plumbing where the leak occurred. Crews also worked on the power plant’s cooling tower to improve efficiency.

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Noble Dynasty The Caputo Family Association Black Falcon Award

Posted on May 16, 2011. Filed under: Humanitarian Issues, World News |


THE CAPUTO FAMILY ASSOCIATION

NEWS

MAY 15, 2011

https://i0.wp.com/margotbworldnews.com/WordPress/wp-content/May/May16/1.jpg

APPOINTMENT

Regional Delegate for Sicily

Cav. Dr. Gaspare Lo Monaco

Saturday, May 14, 2011, our Delegate General for Italy (right picture) Don Gianfranco Funari, formally presented the appointment Diploma of Regional Delegate to Cav. Dr. Gaspare Lo Monaco (left in picture) who is holding the Noble Dynasty Accreditation to such important position. Don Funari is also holding an Honorary Certificate for Don Salvatore Caputo, President of Noble Dynasty, issued by Dr. Lo Monaco, President of “Nazionale per Le Onoranze Alla Medaglia Oro al Valor Militare -Salvo D’acquisto Eroe dei Carabinieri” (National Honour Gold Medal for Military Valor-Salvo D’Aquisto Hero of the Carabinieri.

Cav. Dr. Gaspare Lo Monaco, retired NCO to Carabinieri Corp, was bestowed with many awards but we will mention only a few here: “Doctorado Honoris Causa en Humanidades” (Honorary Doctor of Humanities); Knight of Merit of the Italian Republic; Croix D’Honneur d’ Argent du Policier Européen; Silver Medal Merit with Sword conferred by the Sovereign Military Order of Malta; Pro Ecclesia-Merit awarded by the Holy See; Guard of Honor at Royal Tombs of the Pantheon; Member of C.I. S. O. M (Italian Ambulance Corps of the ‘Order of Malta) …and more.

BLACK FALCON AWARD

Bulletin Margot.jpg

Our Dear Member, Margot Gennaro de Bourbon, was awarded with the distinguished Black Falcon Award for the continuing promotion of Noble Dynasty The Caputo Family Association. We appreciate her devotion to the Organization. CONGRATULATIONS MARGOT!

The Black Falcon Medal is designed to meet all those who contribute to efforts for Progress, for the Well-being, Culture, and the Understanding of International Solidarity and Augment and for the success of the projects of the Caputo Family Association.

See web pages: http://www.nobledynasty.com/latestnews.htm

http://www.nobledynasty.com/delegates.htm

http://www.nobledynasty.com/laurusnobilismembers.htm

ITALIANO

Sabato 14 Maggio 2011, IL nostro Delegato Generale per l’ Italia, Don Gianfranco Funari (foto a destra), presentó formalmente la nomina di Delegato Regionale per Sicilia al Cav. Dott. Gaspare Lo Monaco (sinistra nella foto) che tiene in mano IL diploma che lo accredita a tale posizione cosí importante. Don Funari é anche in possesso di un Certificato D’Onore per Don Salvatore Caputo, Presidente di Noble Dynasy, rilasciato dal Dr. Lo Monaco, Presdiente di “Nazionale per Le Onoranze Alla Medaglia Oro al Valor Militare-Salvo D’acquisto Eroe dei Carabinieri”.

Cav. Dott. Gaspare Lo Monaco, retirato Sottufficiale dei Carabinieri, é stato conferiti con molti premi onorifici ma citiamo solo alcuni: Doctorado Honoris Causa en Humanidades”; Cavaliere Al Merito Della Repubblica Italiana; Croix D’Honneur d’ Argent du Policier Européen; Medaglia d’ Argento al Merito con Spada conferita dal sovrano Ordine Militare di Malta; Pro Ecclesia Merito assegnato dalla Santa Sede; Guadia d’Onore alle Tome Reali del Pantheon; Membro di C.I.SOM (Corpo Italiano di Soccorso dell’Ordine di Malta)….e altro ancora.

BLACK FALCON AWARD

Bulletin Margot.jpg

La nostra cara socia, Margot Gennaro di Bourbon, é stata premiata con IL prestigioso premio di Black Falcon Award per la sua costante promozione Della Noble Dynasty The Caputo Family Association. Apprezziamo molto la sua devozione per l’ Associazione. CONGRATULAZIONI MARGOT!

Vedere Le pagine nel sito: http://www.nobledynasty.com/latestnews.htm

http://www.nobledynasty.com/delegates.htm

http://www.nobledynasty.com/laurusnobilismembers.htm

ESPAÑOL

Sábado, 14 de Mayo de 2011, el nuestro Delegado General para Italia, Don Gianfranco Funari (foto derecha), presentó oficialmente el nombramiento de Delegado Regional al Cav. Dr. Gaspare Lo Monaco (izquierda en la foto) que sostiene en sus manos el Diploma que lo acredita a tal importante posición dentro de la Organización. Don Funari sostiene también un certificado de Miembro Honorario para Don Salvatore Caputo, Presidente de Noble Dynasty, emitido por el Dr. Lo Monaco, Presidente de “Nazionale per Le Onoranze Alla Medaglia Oro al Valor Militare -Salvo D’acquisto Eroe dei Carabinieri”

El Cav. Dr. Gaspare Lo Monaco, retirado Suboficial del Cuepro Carabineros, fue galardonado con números premios, pero vamos a mencionar aquí sólo algunos: “Doctorado Honoris Causa en Humanidades”; Caballero de Mérito de la República Italiana; Croix D’Honneur d’ Argent du Policier Européen; Medalla de Plata el Mérito con Espada atribuida por la Orden Soberana Militar de Malta; Guardia de Honor a Las Tumbas Reales del Panteón; Miembro C.I. S. O. M (Cuerpo Italiano de ambulancias de la Orden de Malta)…y muchos más.

BLACK FALCON AWARD

Bulletin Margot.jpg

Nuestra querida socia, Margot Gennaro de Bourbon, fue galardonada hoy con el distinguido premio “The Black Falcon Award” por su continua promoción de Noble Dynasty The Caputo Family Association. Agradecemos enormemente su dedicación a la Asociación. FELICIDADES MARGOT!

El premio The Black Falcon Award está diseñado para satisfacer a todos aquellos que contribuyen a Los esfuerzo para el progreso, bienestar, cultura y el Entendimiento Internacional de Solidaridad para el éxito de los proyectos de la Asociación de Noble Dynasty.

Ver las páginas : http://www.nobledynasty.com/latestnews.htm

http://www.nobledynasty.com/delegates.htm

http://www.nobledynasty.com/laurusnobilismembers.htm

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Caputo Family Children’s Fund: UN Global Compact

Posted on May 14, 2011. Filed under: Humanitarian Issues |


THE CAPUTO FAMILY ASSOCIATION

ANNOUNCING

MAY 12, 2011

http://www.caputo-children-fund.org/

We are pleased to announce that our Charity Organization “Caputo Children’s Fund” has been accepted by the United Nations http://www.un.org/en/ and added to the register of UN Global Compact participants, the world’s largest with over 8,000 business and non-business participants in 135 countries. An official welcome letter and information package will be sent to our organization’s top executive via mail.

The UN Global Compact is a strategic policy initiative for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labor, environment and anti-corruption.

The e-mail below explains for itself:

From:info@unglobalcompact.org

Date: 05/12/11 08:09:33

To:Salvatore Caputo

Subject: Welcome to the United Nations Global Compact

Dear Dr. Caputo,

Welcome to the United Nations Global Compact. We are pleased to inform you that Caputo Children’s Fund has been added to our register of participants: http://unglobalcompact.org/participant/13712

An official welcome letter and information package will be sent to your organization’s top executive via mail. Please allow 3 to 6 weeks for delivery.

Again, thank you for joining the UN Global Compact. We are eager to hear your ideas and experiences, and encourage you to share your views with us. We stand ready to support your efforts to embrace the Ten Principles and contribute to a more sustainable and inclusive global economy. Should you have any queries, please contact us at globalcompact@un.org .

Sincerely,

The Global Compact Office

United Nations Global Compact

Two United Nations Plaza

New York, NY 10017

Email: globalcompact@un.org

Website: www.unglobalcompact.org

ITALIANO

Siamo lieti di annunciare che IL nostro Charity Organization “Caputo Children’s Fund” è stato accettato dalla Nazioni Uniti http://www.un.org/en/ Ed é stato aggiunto al registro di participanti di “UN Global Compact” , la più Grande del mondo con oltre 8.000 imprese e partecipanti e non-business in 135 paesi. Una lettera ufficiale di accoglienza e pacchetto di informazione sará iviato al dirigente Della vostra organizzazione via posta. Vedere in linea:

http://unglobalcompact.org/participant/13712

Il Global Compact è un’iniziativa politica strategica per Le imprese che is sono impegnati ad allineare Le loro operazioni e Le strategie con dieci principi universalmente accettata in materia di diritti umani, lavoro, ambiente e lotta alla corruzione. L’e-mail sopra spiega DA sé:

ESPAÑOL

Nos complace anunciar que nuestra organización benéfica “Caputo Children’s Fund” ha sido aceptada por Las Naciones Unidas http://www.un.org/es/ y es agregada al registro de Los participantes de “UN Global Compact” (Pacto Mundial de Naciones Unidas), la más Grande del mundo con más de 8,000 empresas participantes, no comerciales en 135 países. Una Carta oficial de bienvenida y un paquete de información será enviada al ejecutivo de nuestra organización por correo. Ver en línea:

http://unglobalcompact.org/participant/13712

El Pacto Mundial es una iniciativa de política estratégica para Las empresas que se comprometen a alinear sus operaciones y estrategias con Los diez principios universalmente aceptados en materia de derechos humanos, el trabajo, medio ambiente y lucha contra la corrupción.

El e-mail anterior explica por sí mismo.

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Good ol’ Abe

Posted on May 1, 2011. Filed under: Editorial, Humanitarian Issues |


“I will say then that I am not, nor ever have been in favor of bringing about in anyway the social and political equality of the white and black races – that I am not nor ever have been in favor of making voters or jurors of negroes, nor of qualifying them to hold office, nor to intermarry with white people; and I will say in addition to this that there is a physical difference between the white and black races which I believe will forever forbid the two races living together on terms of social and political equality.
 
And inasmuch as they cannot so live, while they do remain together there must be the position of superior and inferior, and I as much as any other man am in favor of having the superior position assigned to the white race.
 
I say upon this occasion I do not perceive that because the white man is to have the superior position the negro should be denied everything”.
 
Abraham Lincoln
Source: September 18, 1858 – Fourth Debate with Stephen A. Douglas
at Charleston, Illinois

Submitted by Luc Majno

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A Message from Ghana

Posted on February 18, 2011. Filed under: Africa, Ghana, Humanitarian Issues, World News |


 

THE CAPUTO FAMILY ASSOCIATION
orphans

refugees

We have received this message from Brother
Emmanuel from Ghana who is in charge
of refugee and street children. Noble Dynasty
support this group, unfortunately we have no
fund to assist. Any help is appreciated.

To:

Brother Emmanuel

——-Original Message——-

Date: 17/02/2011 01:20:13 p.m.

Subject: We Request your Prayers Brothers and Sisters
Brother Emmanuel OSM
Ref: We Request your Prayers Brothers and
Sisters:

February 13, 2011, Sunday Morning at 6 A.M.
African time while prepare for special service,
unexpectedly we saw 2 trucks of police
entered the Refugees Camp where we have
EOCCC Mission is and started shooting at
the Refugees and 6 persons is killed
and many are wounded and while sixty
(60)plus refugees was arrested and taken to
an unknown place. Prevalently we had spent
48 hours indoor and they are
still arresting Refugees.

 

We had completely run out of food
and water is run out, we can
not go out or come in. We
absolutely need prayers for us for these
suffering and Innocent kids.

 

In the hands of Mercy,

Bro. Emmanuel OSM

EOCCC MISSION –Ghana– West Africa

+233-243-021848

Fwd: Ghanaian Police Opened Fire on Liberian Refugees, Five Reported …

Ghana News :: Police deny indiscriminate shooting at Buduburam

Feb 14, 2011 Police deny indiscriminate shooting at Buduburam Refugee camp. One refugee was killed in the violence. Source: Joy News/Ghana

http://news.myjoyonline.com/news/201102/61053.aspCached

Conflicting Accounts of Ghanaian Police Raid on Refugee Camp

Feb 14, 2011 Ghanaian police Sunday raided the Buduburam Refugee Camp outside the five Liberian refugees were killed by police and many more wounded.

http://www.voanews.com/english/news/africa/Conflicting-Accounts-of-Ghanaian-Police-Raid-on…Cached

Operation We
Care for Liberia: Statement on Liberian Refugee

shot dead by Ghanaian police at the Buduburam
Refugee
Settlement outside

http://www.modernghana.com/news2/316393/1/
operation-we-care-for-liberia-statement-on-liber…

Operation We Care for Liberia Statement on
Liberian Refugee

Feb 15, 2011 According to modernghana.com, five Liberian refugees
have reportedly been shot dead by Ghanaian
police
at the Buduburam Refugee Settlement

http://www.limany.org/index.php%3Foption%3Dcom_content%26view%3Darticle%26id%3D933:operati…

Police deny indiscriminate shooting at Buduburam Refugee camp

Feb 14, 2011 GhanaReview International – The Leading Ghanaian News Agency deployed to quell violence at the Buduburam Refugee camp yesterday opened fire killed in the violence. It took the intervention of the police to calm

http://www.ghanareview.com/Restyle/index2.php%3Fclass%3Dall%26date%3D2011-02-14%26id%3D464…Cached

Buduburam Refugees Clash with Police | Liberian Observer

Feb 15, 2011 A leadership crisis erupted at the Buduburam Refugee Camp in Ghana yesterday, with some residents of the camp clashing with Ghanaian

http://www.liberianobserver.com/node/10531Cached

The Inquirer Online : How Buduburam Violence Started

How Buduburam Violence Started. The girl who was killed in Ghana Our source said the refugees attempt to prevent the police from carrying those arrested

http://www.theinquirer.com.lr/story.php%3Frecord_id%3D3680%26sub%3D14

Ghanaian Police Opened Fire on Liberian Refugees, Five Reported

Feb 13, 2011 An eyewitness account from the Buduburam Refugee Camp in Ghana told The New Dispensation this evening that the Ghanaian police stormed the

http://thenewdispensation.wordpress.com/2011/02/13/ghanian-police-opened-fire-on-liberian-…Cached

Inside Liberia with Bernard Gbayee Goah

Feb 14, 2011 To see Liberians brutalized and killed under the very nose of President We lastly condemn the Ghanaian police action at Buduburam because use of force on Liberian refugees by Ghana police and military have the

http://bernardgoah.blogspot.com/Cached


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Für Sophie

Posted on January 21, 2011. Filed under: Humanitarian Issues, Lifestyles |


Für Sophie (for Sophie Scholl)

 

Oh, Sophie

In you I see Hope

In your smile I see a Leader

whose flame has not run out

 

Oh, Sophie

the one the trees long to hug

in your courage be shown to us

the way to create such Blessings

for ourselves and our loved ones

 

Oh, Sophie

against all you stood

against all injustices

all you could

 

Oh, Sophie

we are the ones

who hug the trees

for you

 

Submitted by Luc Majno

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Indians Have No True Title to the Land

Posted on January 19, 2011. Filed under: Americas, Humanitarian Issues |


(speaking about Mount Rushmore)Though my research into the actions and minds of Washington, Jefferson and Lincoln gave fruit for some of my last writings posted,
I never really searched for any information on the last one, Roosevelt.  I was too ashamed and blown away with THAT information and could not stomach any more at the time.
That was in 2006.  Tonight, I went for it.  All I had to do was to type:
“Theodore Roosevelt and the Indian”
into my trusted search engine to find THE VERY FIRST result (below)…  Once again, I sit here shaking my head in disgust, but
I really understand their attitudes as well.  Bold, ignorant of their ‘enemy”s ways, and just plain ‘SAVAGE’ in their thinking, they
knew no better.  They had arrived on Land which they WANTED, and saw it as THEIRS upon arrival, because in their minds,
it was EMPTY and going to WASTE.
I am unearthing more and more reasons why the people of North America feel the way they do about ‘Indians’…
They had (and sadly, still do have) good teachers, like this one below…
P.S. ‘Not having any title to the Land’ is also a very practical ‘Decree’ that the ‘church’ made up in 1863, saying the Indians did not hold
‘title’ to the Land…  Want to know why?  Because the inhabitants were not Christians at the time the Christians (settlers, murderers, thugs) got there.
According to the ‘papal infallability’ of the day, so-called Christians had the ‘moral’ right to ‘conquest’… of any land that they saw first, and it was THEIRS.
The inhabitants thereof were suddenly…  ‘insects to be squashed as fast as possible’ (Titanic)  or ‘the retched. excecrable race’…
For all you sceptics, all you have to do is google a few words like ‘canada”s treatment of Indians, or ‘The Superior Race’ or ‘Terra Nullius’, or other.

Indians Have No True Title to the Land

Such a man, though both honest and intelligent, when he hears that me whites have settled on Indian lands, cannot realize that the act has no resemblance whatever to the forcible occupation of land already cultivated. The white settler has merely moved into an uninhabited waste; he does not feel that he is committing a wrong, for he knows perfectly well that the land is really owned by no one. It is never even visited, except perhaps for a week or two every year, and then the visitors are likely at any moment to be driven off by a rival hunting-party of greater strength. The settler ousts no one from the land; if he did not chop down the trees, hew out the logs for a building, and clear the ground for tillage, no one else would do so. He drives out the game, however, and of course the Indians who live thereon sink their mutual animosities and turn against the intruder. The truth is, the Indians never had any real title to the soil; they had not half as good a claim to it, for instance, as the cattlemen now have to all eastern Montana, yet no one would assert that the cattlemen have a right to keep immigrants off their vast unfenced ranges. The settler and pioneer have at bottom had justice on their side; this great continent could not have been kept as nothing but a game preserve for squalid savages. Moreover, to the most oppressed Indian nations the whites often acted as a protection, or, at least, they deferred instead of hastening their fate. But for the interposition of the whites it is probable that the Iroquois would have exterminated every Algonquin tribe before the end of the eighteenth century; exactly as in recent time the Crows and Pawnees would have been destroyed by the Sioux, had it not been for the wars we have waged against the latter.


Again, the loose governmental system of the Indians made it as difficult to secure a permanent peace with them as it was to negotiate the purchase of the lands. The sachem, or hereditary peace chief, and the elective war chief, who wielded only the influence that he could secure by his personal prowess and his tact, were equally unable to control all of their tribesmen, and were powerless with their confederated nations. If peace was made with the Shawnees, the war was continued by the Miamis; if peace was made with the latter, nevertheless perhaps one small band was dissatisfied, and continued the contest on its own account; and even if all the recognized bands were dealt with, the parties of renegades or outlaws had to be considered; and in the last resort the full recognition accorded by the Indians to the right of private warfare, made it possible for any individual warrior who possessed any influence to go on raiding and murdering unchecked. Every tribe, every sub-tribe, every band of a dozen souls ruled over by a petty chief, almost every individual warrior of the least importance, had to be met and pacified. Even if peace were declared, the Indians could not exist long without breaking it. There was to them no temptation to trespass on the white man’s ground for the purpose of settling; but every young brave was brought up to regard scalps taken and horses stolen, in war or peace, as the highest proofs and tokens of skill and courage, the sure means of attaining glory and hone the admiration of men and the love of women. Where the young men thought thus, and the chiefs had so little real control, it was inevitable that there would be many unprovoked forays for scalps, slaves, and horses made upon the white borderers.


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10 Traits of Great Competitors

Posted on September 21, 2010. Filed under: Humanitarian Issues | Tags: , |


Posted on September 9th, 2010 by Todd Smith – View Comments |Print This Post

Competition is all around us. It arises whenever two or more parties strive for a goal that cannot be shared. We experience it in our personal and professional lives. It’s part of the fabric of our society.

How we compete is a reflection of our character and influences the way others perceive us in other areas of our lives.

Today’s lesson introduces ten traits of great competitors. Applicable in any competitive situation, adapting these traits will help you become a more respected rival.

Before you review the traits below, think of the last competition you were involved in. Maybe it was a heated game of family Monopoly, a high-stakes sales competition, or an intense tennis match. Whatever the circumstance, reflect on your behavior as you read through this list. What areas are most important to you? In which areas do you need to improve?

Ten Competitive Traits to Master

1. Congratulate your opponents when they win or experience success. This is the first rule of good sportsmanship and is equally applicable in the workplace.  Extending congratulations demonstrates that you are not a poor sport and lets others know that you are not harboring ill feelings that will linger after the competition has ended.

2. Be a gracious winner. Never rub a loss in your opponent’s face. No one cares to be around people who gloat over their wins.

3. Celebrate respectfully. It’s normal to feel good after a win of any kind and to want to celebrate, but be conscious of those around you who may not share in your jubilation. Excessive celebration will be a turnoff to most people.

4. Maintain a sense of decorum. Always be mindful not to say derogatory things about your competitor, their team, or their candidate. Remember (unless you are a prizefighter) when you speak poorly of your competitors it damages your credibility and reputation in the process.

5. Keep a consistent attitude whether you win or lose. Michael Jordan, one of the best basketball players of all time, was also one of the most respected competitors for the way he handled himself both on the court and off the court. Virtually all of the teams and players he competed against over the course of his basketball career speak equally about his gifted abilities and his humble demeanor.

6. Use restraint. Take care not to be overly competitive in individual or group activities. If you’re on a team, play your part or your position; don’t try to cover for anyone else. If it’s an individual contest, do your best, but also use your opponent’s level of ability as a guide for how intense your participation should be.

7. Keep a lid on your frustration. If you must rely on others to win a competition and find yourself frustrated, try not to let it show. This only discourages your teammates and makes you appear self-righteous. Instead be the voice of encouragement.

8. Play fair. You lose all credibility as a worthy competitor when you cheat. Even worse, you will lose people’s respect.

9. Give the advantage to your opponent. When a play or other measure of performance is questionable, give your opponent the benefit of the doubt.  Rarely will this cost you the competition, and it will always reflect well on your character.  After all, how do you feel about people who give you the benefit of doubt?

10. Avoid complaining.  No matter how you disguise it, when you complain about any aspect of a competition, it is perceived as whining, and nobody enjoys being around a whiner.

If you are as much a competitor as I am, some of these points will require self-control and some serious self-talk.  I must admit that most of these lessons I learned the hard way.

The next time you find yourself in the middle of a competition, remember it’s how you compete that will leave a lasting impression, not whether you win or lose.

Great competitors earn respect, both in the way they compete and in how they handle themselves after their victories and defeats.

Which of the above traits do you think most people struggle with? What are the things others do that bother you?  Please post your thoughts in the comment section below this post.

About the Author: Todd Smith is a successful entrepreneur of 29 years and founder of Little Things Matter. To receive Todd’s lessons, subscribe here. All Todd’s lessons are also available on iTunes as downloadable podcasts. (Todd’s podcasts are listed #40 in America’s top 100 podcasts.)

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Palmyra teen has one last dance

Posted on September 13, 2010. Filed under: Humanitarian Issues | Tags: |


By CINDY LANGE-KUBICK / Lincoln Journal Star

     buy this photo Brett Marie Christian, 15, and her date, Treyton Carter, at her homecoming dance on Saturday, Sept. 4, 2010, at the Monarch in Lincoln. (Courtesy photo)

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    • Brett Marie Christian
    • Brett Marie Christian

    Palmyra High’s homecoming came early this year. The dance traveled to the Monarch in Lincoln, where people go to die.

    And where Brett Marie Christian, 15, crowned homecoming queen Saturday night, died, too, early Thursday with her family all around.

    The girl who loved horses and softball and Facebook and cartoons and peanut butter on a spoon had leukemia. The kind that hits mostly adults and is the most dangerous, with only a 30 percent survival rate.

    She was tired of fighting, her mom, Leah Buckbee, said Thursday.

    There were lots of things the high school sophomore knew she’d miss. Getting married, having kids, growing old.

    But she wanted one last dance.

    That’s what her mom calls the magic that happened at the Monarch: Brett’s Last Dance.

    Her daughter wore a pink dress and her hair in curls.

    She had a manicure and then a pedicure. Her date bought her a corsage and a necklace, too.

    Brett and Treyton Carter danced the first dance in the commons room, with 50 or more of their classmates who were dressed for a party.

    Treyton grew up with Brett, all the way through school.

    He went to see her every night at the Monarch. They watched TV, talked, cuddled. They kissed their first kiss.

    Treyton’s mom and dad were there with him one night when Brett was talking about homecoming, how much she wanted to go. She had her dress already, a bargain she’d found at the mall.

    She showed Treyton’s mom the dress.

    Debbie Carter loved a bargain. How much did you pay for it, little girl, she asked.

    Only $15, Brett told her.

    But Debbie, I’m not going to be able to wear this…

    Homecoming was still three weeks away.

    Debbie’s eyes filled up.

    By God, she thought, if she’s not going to homecoming, I’ll bring homecoming to her.

    She talked to Brett’s mom. And later that night Debbie and her husband, Terry, drove to Bennet, and friends helped them design fliers.

    Help us make a young girl’s dream come true. Let’s celebrate for Brett Christian. …

    Treyton took the fliers to school the next day.

    That Friday night at the football game, they told Brett’s story over the loudspeaker. Fans from both sides filled buckets with money.

    Debbie and Terry enlisted more friends and hauled in donations for pop and pizza and party goods.

    Nurses from Horisun Hospice, who’d cared for Brett at her home in Palmyra, found professionals to style her hair and do her nails.

    The big day came. The dance started early, 4 in the afternoon, and was set to end at 7.

    Late nights wore Brett out. Her pain was getting worse. Bruises were forming all over her body because her blood wouldn’t clot. She could still walk, but a wheelchair was nearby if she got weak.

    Everyone was quiet after that first dance. Not sure quite what to do.

    Then they just started rocking and rolling, Debbie said.

    They danced and ate and they all went outside and passed around a football and hummed the Nebraska fight song. Her hospice nurses cheered her on.

    And last year’s homecoming queen came.

    And announced this year’s queen. Brett Marie Christian.

    There was a sash and a tiara and lots of tears.

    Brett put her hands to her face, just like Miss America, her mom said.

    The dance lasted until 8:30. And she was so happy.

    “There were days she got really sad,” her mom said, “because of all the things she wasn’t going to be able to do.”

    But she didn’t allow the disappointment to stop her.

    A few hours before she died, Brett woke up. She felt strange.

    What’s happening, she asked.

    The process has started, her mom told her.

    Brett told her mom she loved her then. And her mom told her she loved her back, and her brothers and dad and relatives gathered close.

    It was hard, but it was a blessing at the same time, her mom said.

    “After four years of battling it’s nice to know she’s not suffering anymore.”

    And they have the memory of homecoming fresh.

    They have Brett’s last dance.

    Reach Cindy Lange-Kubick at 402-473-7218 or clangekubick@journalstar.com.



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